Wednesday, December 31, 1969,
Wednesday, December 31, 1969,
|Fri 09/29 - Run for Betty Dolphin Dash 5K|
Sat 09/30 - Freedom's Run
Sun 10/01 - Autumn Georgetown 5K & Half
Sun 10/01 - Taste of Sposato Wine 5k
|Sat 10/07 - Norfolk Beach 5K & 5-Miler
Sun 10/08 - Army Ten-Miler
Sun 10/08 - Lower Potomac River Ten-Mile Run
Sun 10/08 - Three Fox Vineyard 5K
This winter male qualifiers increased by 10% to 356 but female qualifiers increased 15% to 408 to be 54% of the qualifiers. In total numbers, the women led with a record 2293 races. Men had 1974.
The races total grew to a record 266 with a record 72 major races (500 or more runners). That trails only the spring of 2013 that had 82. There were 4060 ranked times which are the fifth greatest total and easily the most in the winter period.
Thirty-one races had more than 1,000 finishers. Sixteen had more than 2,000, and eight with more than 3,000. The Jingle All the Way 8K dropped to 4,401 runners for third place just ahead of the slightly more competitive Alexandria Turkey Trot 5M with 4229. The sixth place race was the HCA 8K that had 3378. But the combined weight of the three races in Richmond, the American Family Fitness Half Marathon (1st with 7764) and the Anthem Richmond Marathon (2nd with 4841) was equal to nearly 16,000 racers.
The RRCA Challenge 10 Mile led the way with more than 20% of runners ranked (149). Still, in shear numbers Richmond dominated across the board with the half marathon (189) tops, the marathon (174) second, and the 8K (119) fourth. There were 43 races with 10% or more ranked but only the Challenge and number five, the US National Road Racing Championships 12K with 88 was a major race for 12.34%, making the first weekend the best by far. Among all the races with more than 100 finishers the MCRRC Shooting Starr 6K was easily second to the Challenge with 18.75% of its 240 finishers.
Thanksgiving as always is the busiest racing day of the year with thirty races. Ten of the sixteen races with 2000 finishers and 16 of the top 30 races were held the morning before Turkey dinner. The Alexandria Turkey Trot 5 Mile with 75 finishers was one short of the Jingle All the Way 8K for seventh place in Ranked Runners. Fourth largest 5 miler the Celtic Solstice was tied the 11th place with a mere 11 Ranked Runners. Of course that day was all snow and largely a fun run. All three of the 10Ks with more than a 1000 finishers were on Thanksgiving with the Bethesda YMCA Turkey Chase 10K leading the way with 74 Ranked Runners and 3,036. Nearly 43,000 runners raced on Thanksgiving.
The 5K was run an amazing 158 times. All seven on Thanksgiving had more than 2000 finishers, led by the SOME Thanksgiving Day Trot for Hunger 5K with 3480.
For the women this winter, Cindy Conant, 52, is the oldest to win a race outright. There were 17 runners not from the open division to qualify for the massive Elite Division that had a winter record 74 qualifiers for any division. For the men, Keith Matiskella, 42, was the oldest outright winner. Seven runners made it into the Elite Division from another division, the oldest being Edmund Burke, 44. A winter record sixty-one runners for any division qualified, breaking the record of 60 set last year and 59 run this year by the 60-64 men.
Runners who win the race or win their division in a race earn an asterisk beside their name. Open runners only get an asterisk for an overall win. The Speed Alone is the fastest qualifying time run for each division. In red, it means the division champion ran it. (MRF) is for the Moreland Racing Factor. Races Bolded are major races with either 500 finishers or more than 20% Ranked Runners.
Now let's see who made the top.
Men and Women
Click here to return to Regional Runner Rankings menu.
The goal of the runner rankings is to rank the best runners of Washington, DC, Maryland, and Virginia in five-year age groups for the purpose of stimulating competition in the Washington region. Runners are ranked only according to performances in included races. To be included, a race must meet the following criteria:
To be included, a race must meet all of the above criteria. If you place well in a race and want it included in the rankings, be sure to ask the race director to e-mail the complete results to the RacePacket at firstname.lastname@example.org so the race can be posted on the RacePacket Web site and counted in the runner rankings.
Runners will be ranked by age divisions for both men and women, with the divisions being open, 19 & younger, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and 80 & older.
The rankings are established using a nearly completely objective rating procedure. A preliminary sort, followed by an intensive analysis of competitive results, forms the rankings. The preliminary sort is based on the number of qualifying marks and best times. The final ranking is based on head-to-head competitive results against the other top placers (50%), with time playing a major but secondary role (40%). Our general philosophy is that competition is about beating other runners, and we intend to place an increased emphasis on competitive results.
To qualify for the end-of-year rankings, top priority will go to runners who qualify in two ranking periods. A preliminary sort, followed by a more involved analysis of competitive results, also forms these rankings. The preliminary sort is based on seasonal rankings and best times. The final ranking is again based on head-to-head competitive results, with time playing a secondary role, though at times a deciding role. One special race can at times put a runner over the top, though consistency is a valued asset.
Qualifying times are set in each age division for the 10K, and then adjusted for other distances. We believe in a constant time so that, while a runner may not make the top ten, he or she may consider himself or herself a ranked runner. Our primary concern is that of believability. There should be few surprises. Competitiveness will always find a few disputes. Most runners know whom they can best and who remains unbeatable. The rankings should fairly reflect that. If you have comments and questions or would like to get a more complete explanation of individual rankings, contact the author at email@example.com. The current qualifying standards for the 10K are:
Age Group Men Women Open 34:20 41:15 19 & younger 38:20 46:05 35-39 36:40 44:10 40-44 38:20 46:05 45-49 39:45 48:45 50-54 42:00 51:45 55-59 43:55 54:30 60-64 49:45 62:05 65-69 52:50 75:00 70-74 56:20 89:40 75-79 1:32:30 1:39:00 80 & older 1:45:00 1:50:00
The ranking periods for the 2014 ranking year:
Event Location Date Burk Memorial 5K Westminster, MD 16-Nov-13 Run Geek Run 8K Washington, DC 16-Nov-13 MVHS Cares Turkey Trot 5K Alexandria, VA 16-Nov-13 Jingle Bell Run/Walk For Arthritis 5K Newport News, VA 16-Nov-13 Project Infusion 5K Manassas, VA 16-Nov-13 Panther Pride 5K Bristow, VA 16-Nov-13 Carter Gunn Memorial Stressbuster 8K Norfolk, VA 16-Nov-13 Anthem Richmond Marathon Richmond, VA 16-Nov-13 American Family Fitness Half Marathon Richmond, VA 16-Nov-13 HCA 8K Richmond, VA 16-Nov-13 MMRF Race for Research 5K National Harbor, MD 16-Nov-13 Trinity Lutheran Mission Haiti 5K Joppa, MD 16-Nov-13 ABC 5K for The Food Bank Newport News, VA 16-Nov-13 HCS Burleigh Manor 5K Columbia, MD 17-Nov-13 King of the Road 5K Rockville, MD 17-Nov-13 Chase the Geezers 5M Phoenix, MD 17-Nov-13 Making a Difference 5K Ashburn, VA 17-Nov-13 Lake Ridge Ridgerunner's Turkey Trot 10K Woodbridge, VA 17-Nov-13 Gold's Gym Leesburg 10K Leesburg, VA 17-Nov-13 US National Road Racing Championships 12K Alexandria, VA 17-Nov-13 US National Road Racing Championships 5K Alexandria, VA 17-Nov-13 Potomac River Run Half Marathon Potomac, MD 17-Nov-13 Tidal Basin 5K Washington, DC 20-Nov-13 VSBA 5K Williamsburg, VA 21-Nov-13 Governor's Land 5K Williamsburg, VA 23-Nov-13 Cranberry Crawl 10K Washington, DC 23-Nov-13 Cranberry Crawl 5K Washington, DC 23-Nov-13 Run for Shelter 5K Alexandria, VA 23-Nov-13 Run for Shelter 10K Alexandria, VA 23-Nov-13 Spend Yourself 5K Falls Church, VA 23-Nov-13 MCRRC Run Under the Lights 5K Gaithersburg, MD 23-Nov-13 Freeze Your Gizzard 5K Leesburg, VA 23-Nov-13 MCM Turkey Trot 10K Quantico, VA 23-Nov-13 Herndon Turkey Trot 5K Herndon, VA 23-Nov-13 Star City Half Marathon Roanoke, VA 23-Nov-13 Star City 10K Roanoke, VA 23-Nov-13 Race for the Chocolate 5K Williamsburg, VA 23-Nov-13 Race for the Chocolate 10K Williamsburg, VA 23-Nov-13 Runway 5K Virginia Beach, VA 23-Nov-13 Thanksgiving Prediction Run 5K St. Mary's City, MD 23-Nov-13 Jingle Bell Run/Walk For Arthritis 5K Norfolk, VA 23-Nov-13 Ravens vs Steelers 5K Ocean City, MD 23-Nov-13 TCS Annapolis HM Annapolis, MD 23-Nov-13 TCS Annapolis 10K Annapolis, MD 23-Nov-13 SPAN Turkey Trot 5K Severna Park, MD 23-Nov-13 Dematha Music 5K College Park, MD 23-Nov-13 Oak Knoll Middle School 5K Mechanicsville, VA 23-Nov-13 Remington Turkey Trot Remington, VA 23-Nov-13 Turkey Tumble 10K Baltimore, MD 24-Nov-13 Kinhaven 5K Arlington, VA 24-Nov-13 Mayberry 7M Westminster, MD 24-Nov-13 Zoo Zoom 8K Baltimore, MD 24-Nov-13 Stuff the Sleigh 5K McLean, VA 24-Nov-13 College of Southern Maryland Turkey Trot 5K LaPlata, MD 24-Nov-13 Vienna Turkey Trot 5K Vienna, VA 24-Nov-13 Toys For Tots Holiday 5K Newport News, VA 28-Nov-13 Virginia Run Turkey Trot 5K Centreville, VA 28-Nov-13 Alexandria Turkey Trot 5M Alexandria, VA 28-Nov-13 Y of Central Maryland Turkey Trot 5K Westminster, MD 28-Nov-13 YMCA Bel Air 5K Turkey Trot Bel Air, MD 28-Nov-13 Towson YMCA Turkey Trot 5K Towson, MD 28-Nov-13 YMCA Ellicott City 5K Turkey Trot Ellicott City, MD 28-Nov-13 YMCA Turkey Trot 5K Fredericksburg, VA 28-Nov-13 Hagerstown Turkey Trot 5K Hagerstown, MD 28-Nov-13 Westernport Turkey Trot 5K Westernport, MD 28-Nov-13 Bulle Rock Turkey Trot 5K Havre de Grace, MD 28-Nov-13 Laurel Turkey Trot 5K Laurel, MD 28-Nov-13 Way Station's Thanksgiving Day 5K Frederick, MD 28-Nov-13 Presbyterian Homes & Family Services Turkey Trot 5K Lynchburg, VA 28-Nov-13 SOME Thanksgiving Day Trot for Hunger 5K Washington, DC 28-Nov-13 Earlysville Turkey Trot 5K Earlysville, VA 28-Nov-13 William's Turkey Trot 5K Virginia Beach, VA 28-Nov-13 Arlington Turkey Trot 5K Arlington, VA 28-Nov-13 YMCA Turkey Chase 10K Bethesda, MD 28-Nov-13 Cold Turkey 10K Edgewater, MD 28-Nov-13 Richmond Turkey Trot 10K Richmond, VA 28-Nov-13 VAB Turkey Trot 10K Virginia Beach, VA 28-Nov-13 Boars Head Turkey Trot 5K Charlottesville, VA 28-Nov-13 Blue Talon Bistro Turkey Trot 5K Williamsburg, VA 28-Nov-13 Lexington Gobble Wobble 5K Lexington, VA 28-Nov-13 Ironwood Turkey Trot 5K Staunton, VA 28-Nov-13 Altavista Giblet Jog 5K Altavista, VA 28-Nov-13 Martinsville Turkey Day 5K Martinsville, VA 28-Nov-13 Drumstick Dash 5K Roanoke, VA 28-Nov-13 FCPRD 5K Stephen City, VA 28-Nov-13 Talbot County YMCA Hospice 5K Easton, MD 29-Nov-13 Talbot County YMCA Hospice 10K Easton, MD 29-Nov-13 Drumstix Dash 8K Fairfax Station, VA 30-Nov-13 Tom's 5K Reindeer Run Laurel, MD 30-Nov-13 Run With the Crusaders 5K Upper Marlboro 30-Nov-13 Turkey Burnoff 10 Mile Gaithersburg, MD 30-Nov-13 Turkey Burnoff 5 Mile Gaithersburg, MD 30-Nov-13 Northern Central Trail Marathon Sparks, MD 30-Nov-13 Tidal Basin 5K Washington, DC 01-Dec-13 Snowflake 5K Kensington, MD 01-Dec-13 Run for the Wounded Warriors Triangle, VA 01-Dec-13 Running of the Reindeer 5K Havre de Grace, MD 07-Dec-13 St. Kateri's Run With the Son 5K Tabb, VA 07-Dec-13 Solomons Jingle Bell 5K Solomons, MD 07-Dec-13 Edgewater Fitness 5K Edgewater, MD 07-Dec-13 DCPF Jingle Bell 5K Annapolis, MD 07-Dec-13 YCF Arthritis Foundation Jingle Bell 5K Arlington, VA 07-Dec-13 Coop 5K Washington, DC 07-Dec-13 Snowman Stampede 5K Centreville, VA 07-Dec-13 Richmond Jingle Bell 5K for Arthritis Richmond, VA 07-Dec-13 Surf 'n' Santa 10M Virginia Beach, VA 07-Dec-13 Santa's Sleigh 5K Bel Air, MD 07-Dec-13 Jingle Bell Run for Arthritis 5K Ellicott City, MD 07-Dec-13 Goodloe Byron 10M Emmitsburg, MD 07-Dec-13 Peaks of Otter 5K Bedford, VA 07-Dec-13 TRRC Championship 7M Petersburg, VA 07-Dec-13 Reindeer Run 5K Berlin, MD 07-Dec-13 Powhatan Christmas Tree 10K Powhatan, VA 07-Dec-13 Run Through History 3.83M Winchester, VA 07-Dec-13 Jingle Bell Run for Arthritis 5K Arlington, VA 07-Dec-13 DCRRC Bread Run 10K Glen Echo, MD 08-Dec-13 Dancer Dash 10K Westminster, MD 08-Dec-13 Blue Gray 5K Fredericksburg, VA 08-Dec-13 Blue Gray Half Marathon Fredericksburg, VA 08-Dec-13 Run with Santa 5K Reston, VA 08-Dec-13 Charlie's Run 5K Sparks, MD 08-Dec-13 Jingle All the Way 8K Washington, DC 08-Dec-13 AS Anniversary 15K Annapolis, MD 08-Dec-13 BRRC Masters 5K Sparks, MD 08-Dec-13 Race Around The Base 10 Miler Langley AFB, VA 14-Dec-13 Wright Stuff 5K Greenbelt., MD 14-Dec-13 Wright Stuff 10K Greenbelt., MD 14-Dec-13 Sentara Sleighbell 5K Williamsburg, VA 14-Dec-13 Jingle Bell Run Walk for Arthritis 5K Baltimore, MD 14-Dec-13 Roanoke Jingle Bell Run for Arthritis 5K Roanoke, VA 14-Dec-13 Farmville Jingle Bell 5K Farmville, VA 14-Dec-13 Nutcracker 5K Solomons, MD 14-Dec-13 Jingle Bell Trail 8K Bristow, VA 14-Dec-13 Celtic Solstice 5M Baltimore, MD 14-Dec-13 Jingle Bell Run For Arthritis 5K Crozet, VA 14-Dec-13 Girls on the Run Fall 5K Martinsville, VA 14-Dec-13 Santa Claus Shuffle 5K Portsmouth, VA 14-Dec-13 Petersburg YMCA 5K Petersburg, VA 14-Dec-13 Busch Gardens Christmas Town Dash 8K Williamsburg, VA 15-Dec-13 Frigid 5K Occoquan, VA 15-Dec-13 MCRRC Jingle Bell Jog 8.5K Rockville, MD 15-Dec-13 Jingle Bell Run/Walk For Arthritis 5K Bristow, VA 15-Dec-13 Toy for Tots Run 5K Richmond, VA 15-Dec-13 DCRRC Gar Williams HM Alexandria, VA 15-Dec-13 Three Bridges Marathon Charlottesville, VA 15-Dec-13 Three Bridges Half Marathon Charlottesville, VA 15-Dec-13 Run a Latke 5K Richmond, VA 15-Dec-13 Tidal Basin 5K Washington, DC 18-Dec-13 Jingle Bell Run Walk for Arthritis 5K Washington, VA 21-Dec-13 PVTC Christmas Caper 5K Washington, DC 21-Dec-13 PVTC Christmas Caper 10K Washington, DC 21-Dec-13 Rudolph 6K Columbia, MD 21-Dec-13 SVR Jingle Bell 5K Boyce, VA 21-Dec-13 Apple Capital Jingle Bell 5K Winchester, VA 21-Dec-13 Celtic Christmas 5K Fairfax Station, VA 21-Dec-13 Great Bridge Presbyterian Church Jingle Jog 5K Chesapeake, VA 21-Dec-13 Tidal Basin 5K Washington, DC 22-Dec-13 General Tso 8K Columbia, MD 25-Dec-13 Ringing in Hope 10K Ashburn, VA 31-Dec-13 Ringing in Hope 5K Ashburn, VA 31-Dec-13 Fairfax Four Mile Fairfax, VA 31-Dec-13 Village Volunteer 5K Spotsylvania, VA 31-Dec-13 Reston New Year's 5K Reston, VA 01-Jan-14 Commitment Day 5K Columbia, MD 01-Jan-14 MCRRC New Year's Race Gaithersburg, MD 01-Jan-14 Sentara 5K Hampton, VA 01-Jan-14 YMCA Resolution Run 5K Fredericksburg, VA 01-Jan-14 New Year's Day Resolution Run 5K Baltimore, MD 01-Jan-14 Hair of the Dog 5K Virginia Beach, VA 01-Jan-14 First Day 5K Midlothian, VA 01-Jan-14 BRRC Father Time Frolic 5M Phoenix, MD 01-Jan-14 Bethany Hall Resolution Run Roanoke, VA 01-Jan-14 Fauquier Jingle Jog 5K Warrenton, VA 01-Jan-14 CTC New Year's 5K Free Union, VA 01-Jan-14 DCRRC New Year’s Day Predictions and Resolutions 5K Rosslyn, VA 01-Jan-14 SMCN Resolution 5K Prince Frederick, MD 01-Jan-14 DCRRC Al Lewis 10M Kensington, MD 04-Jan-14 DCRRC Al Lewis 5M Kensington, MD 04-Jan-14 Tidewater Striders Tune-up 10M Chesapeake, VA 04-Jan-14 Tidewater Striders Tune-up 6M Chesapeake, VA 04-Jan-14 Frozen Toe 10K Roanoke, VA 04-Jan-14 BRATS New Year's Resolution 5K Manassas, VA 05-Jan-14 MCRRC Shooting Starr 6K Silver Spring, MD 11-Jan-14 SVR Prediction 4M Millwood, VA 11-Jan-14 Frozen Finger 5M Baltimore, MD 11-Jan-14 Frosty 5K Virginia Beach, VA 11-Jan-14 HCS Elkhorn 10K Columbia, MD 12-Jan-14 Mighty Medford Freeway 5K Westminster, MD 12-Jan-14 Thomas Jefferson 5K Arlington, VA 12-Jan-14 Tidal Basin 5K Washington, DC 15-Jan-14 Freeze yours Buns 5K Arnold, MD 18-Jan-14 Menchville Winter Chill 5K Hampton, VA 18-Jan-14 Mud In Your Eye XC Series 6K Virginia Beach, VA 18-Jan-14 SVR Prediction 5M Front Royal, VA 18-Jan-14 DCRRC MLK 5K Washington, DC 18-Jan-14 DCRRC JFK 20K Washington, DC 18-Jan-14 I Am 10K Newport News, VA 18-Jan-14 Chilly Bob 8K Smithfield, VA 18-Jan-14 Frostbite 15K Richmond, VA 19-Jan-14 Tidal Basin 5K Washington, DC 20-Jan-14 Tidal Basin 10K Washington, DC 20-Jan-14 Celebrate Community 5K Alexandria, VA 20-Jan-14 Y Resolve 10K Rocky Mount, VA 25-Jan-14 Y Resolve 5K Rocky Mount, VA 25-Jan-14 Loch Raven 8 Mile Baltimore, MD 26-Jan-14 Thomas Jefferson 5K Arlington, VA 26-Jan-14 Freeze Your Snowballs Off 10K Elton, VA 26-Jan-14 Lewis Memorial 10M Frederick, MD 01-Feb-14 Grafton Cold Feet 5K Grafton, VA 01-Feb-14 Stickman Tandem 5K Strasburg, VA 01-Feb-14 Bear Run 4M Westminster, MD 02-Feb-14 Penguin Pace 5K Columbia, MD 02-Feb-14 Country Run 5M Olney, MD 02-Feb-14 First Down 5K Washington, DC 02-Feb-14 Tidewater Striders Tune-up 9M Fort Story, VA 02-Feb-14 Tidewater Striders Tune-up 15M Fort Story, VA 02-Feb-14 Game Day 5K Newport News, VA 02-Feb-14 Game Day 10K Newport News, VA 02-Feb-14 Polar Plunge 5K Virginia Beach, VA 08-Feb-14 Toano Icy 8K Toano, VA 08-Feb-14 DCRRC Langley 8K Langley, VA 08-Feb-14 Cupid's Run 5K Merrifield, VA 08-Feb-14 BRRC Valentine's Day 10K Baltimore, MD 08-Feb-14 AS Valentine's Day 5K Millersville, MD 08-Feb-14 Love the Run You're with 5K Arlington, VA 09-Feb-14 Walt Whitman Redrush 5K Bethesda, MD 09-Feb-14 Sweethearts 4 Ever 4 Mile Run Fredericksburg, VA 09-Feb-14 Sweethearts 8K Midlothian, VA 09-Feb-14 Run Your Heart Out 5K Reston, VA 09-Feb-14 TJ Meet 5K Arlington, VA 09-Feb-14 Gloucester 8K Gloucester, VA 15-Feb-14 Heart and Soles 5K Middletown, VA 15-Feb-14 By George 5K Washington, DC 16-Feb-14 GW Birthday Classic 10K Alexandria, VA 16-Feb-14 Sweetheart 6K Virginia Beach, VA 16-Feb-14 Virginia is for Lovers 14K Virginia Beach, VA 16-Feb-14 Tidal Basin 5K Washington, DC 19-Feb-14 Dahlgren Railroad Heritage Trail Half-Marathon King George, VA 22-Feb-14 Heritage Roar Run 5K Leesburg, VA 22-Feb-14 Have a Heart for Hoffman-Boston Elementary School 5K Arlington, VA 22-Feb-14 Amnesty 5K Charlottesville, VA 22-Feb-14 Tidewater Striders Tune-up 12M Fort Story, VA 22-Feb-14 Tidewater Striders Tune-up 20M Fort Story, VA 22-Feb-14 Xterra 15K Chesterfield, VA 22-Feb-14 Xterra 5K Chesterfield, VA 22-Feb-14 RRCA Challenge 10 Mile Columbia, MD 23-Feb-14 Sentara Colonial 5K Williamsburg, VA 23-Feb-14 Sentara Colonial Half-Marathon Williamsburg, VA 23-Feb-14 Love Rox 10K Richmond, VA 23-Feb-14 Love Rox HM Richmond, VA 23-Feb-14 Huguenot Park Cross Country 3 Mile Midlothian, VA 23-Feb-14 Holton Hustle 5K Richmond, VA 01-Mar-14 Mettle 15K Chesapeake, VA 01-Mar-14 Fort Eustis 10K Newport News, VA 01-Mar-14 Lose Your Shoes & the Shirt Off Your Back 5K Front Royal, VA 01-Mar-14 Explore your Limits 10K Roanoke, VA 01-Mar-14 Explore your Limits 5K Roanoke, VA 01-Mar-14 March of the Lions 5K Williamsburg, VA 01-Mar-14 St Francis Home 5K Richmond, VA 01-Mar-14 DCRRC Burke Lake 12K Burke, VA 02-Mar-14 FASA Run for the Dream 5K Spotsylvania, VA 02-Mar-14 Tim Kennard 10M Mile River Run Salisbury, MD 02-Mar-14 Tim Kennard 5K Mile River Run Salisbury, MD 02-Mar-14 Reston 10 Mile Reston, VA 02-Mar-14 Blacksburg 10 Mile Blacksburg, VA 02-Mar-14 Blacksburg 5K Blacksburg, VA 02-Mar-14